Discrete Element Simulations of Rheological Response of Cementitious Binders as Applied to 3D Printing

  • Pu Yang
  • Sooraj Kumar A. O. Nair
  • Narayanan NeithalathEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the RILEM Bookseries book series (RILEM, volume 19)


This paper aims to model the extrusion-based 3D printing process of a plain ordinary Portland cement (OPC) paste using the discrete element method (DEM), and outlines the methodology adopted to evaluate the linkage between particle scale processes and extrusion process. A mini slump test is used to define the rheological model to be used in DEM, and extract the relevant parameters. They are then implemented in a scaled-down extrusion printing model to determine the influence of particle-scale effects on extrusion force. The DEM model is able to capture the differences in extrusion load-displacement responses similar to the experiments. Refinements to the model based on extracted parameters are also discussed.


Plain Ordinary Portland Cement Extrusion Force Discrete Element Method (DEM) Slump Test Mini-slump Cone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors sincerely acknowledge support from National Science Foundation (CMMI: 1353170) towards the conduct of this study.


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Copyright information

© RILEM 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pu Yang
    • 1
  • Sooraj Kumar A. O. Nair
    • 1
  • Narayanan Neithalath
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Arizona State UniversityTempeUSA

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