Advertisement

Integration Analysis of a Transmission Unit for Automated Driving Vehicles

  • Georg MacherEmail author
  • Omar Veledar
  • Markus Bachinger
  • Andreas Kager
  • Michael Stolz
  • Christian Kreiner
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11094)

Abstract

The automotive industry has recently invested considerable efforts into increasing a level of automation as well as an ever-tighter integration with other vehicles, traffic infrastructure and cloud services. Novel Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) features and Automated Driving Functions (ADF) drive the need for advances and novel engineering solutions (especially with respect to safety and security). However, they are highly relying on existing components developed in the traditional automotive development landscape. Just as safety-related solutions and mindset became common sense in the development phases in the late 20th century, the automotive domain must now consider novel constraints originating from highly automated and distributed driving functionalities. These cannot be supervised by drivers as an integral part of the development of modern vehicles. Unfortunately, there is still a lack of experience with development approaches for automated driving and safety engineering of such automated functionalities which have no driver in the loop for monitoring. In the current transition phase more and more automated driving functions become integrated in conventional vehicles and thus relay on safety components developed in the light of conventional passenger vehicle usage. This paper concentrates on the constraints and additional considerations to be taken into account when developing or integrating existing safety-related components developed for conventional vehicles in the context of highly automated or autonomous vehicles.

Keywords

ISO 26262 Automotive HARA Safety analysis Autonomous vehicles SEooC 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is dedicated to our co-author late Christian Kreiner, who was impressive for many reasons and has been a wonderful teacher, co-worker, leader and friend. You have made working with you an exciting, inspiring and memorable experience. We will always be grateful to you for your support and kindness.

This work is partially supported by the DEIS and GECCO 2 project. The research leading to these results has received funding from the ARTEMIS Joint Undertaking under grant agreement nr 732242 (project DEIS).

Further the authors would like to acknowledge the financial support of the COMET K2 - Competence Centers for Excellent Technologies Programme of the Austrian Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology (bmvit), the Austrian Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy (bm-wfw), the Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG), the Province of Styria and the Styrian Business Promotion Agency (SFG).

References

  1. 1.
    AUTOSAR Development Cooperation. Technical Safety Concept Status Report. Technical Report Document Version: 1.1.0, Revision 2, AUTOSAR development cooperation, October 2010Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bergenhem, C., et al.: How to reach complete safety requirement refinement for autonomous vehicles. In: CARS2015 - Critical Automotive Applications: Robustness & Safety (2015)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Boehringer, K., Kroh. M.: Funktionale Sicherheit in der Praxis, July 2013Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Druml, N., et al.: PRYSTINE - PRogrammable sYSTems for INtelligence in automobilEs. In: Under review at DSD2018 (2018)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ebert, C.: Functional safety industry best practices for introducing and using ISO 26262. In: SAE Technical Paper. SAE International, April 2013Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    European Automobile Manufacturers Association. The Automobile Industry Pocket Guide 2016–2017. Technical report, European Automobile Manufacturers Association (2016)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gebhardt, V., Rieger, G., Mottok, J., Giesselbach, C.: Funktionale Sicherheit nach ISO 262626 - Ein Praxisleitfaden zur Umsetzung, vol. 1. Auflage.dpunkt.verlag (2013)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hoerwick, M., Siedersberger, K.-H.: Strategy and architecture of a safety concept for fully automatic and autonomous driving assistance systems. In: 2010 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium University of California (2010)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    ISO - International Organization for Standardization. IEC 61508 Functional safety of electrical/electronic/programmable electronic safety-related systemsGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    ISO - International Organization for Standardization. IEC 60812 Analysis techniques for system reliability - Procedure for failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) (2006)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    ISO - International Organization for Standardization. IEC 61025 Fault tree analysis (FTA), December 2006Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    ISO - International Organization for Standardization. ISO 26262 Road vehicles Functional Safety Part 1–10 (2011)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    ISO - International Organization for Standardization. SS 7740 Road vehicles Functional Safety Process Assessment Model (2012)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    ISO - International Organization for Standardization. ISO/WD PAS 21448 Road vehicles - Safety of the intended functionality, work-in-progressGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kocsis, M., Sussmann, N., Buyer, J., Zoellner, R.: Safety concept for autonomous vehicles that operate in pedestrian areas. In: Proceedings of the 2017 IEEE/SICE International Symposium on System Integration (2017)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Koong, C.-S., et al.: Automatic testing environment for multi-core embedded software–ATEMES. J. Syst. Softw. 85(1), 43–60 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Messnarz, R., Kreiner, C., Riel, A.: Implementing functional safety standards has an impact on system and SW design - required knowledge and competencies (SafEUr). Software Quality Professional (2015)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Reschka, A.: Safety Concept for Autonomous Vehicles (2016)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ruiz, A., Melzi, A., Kelly, T.: Systematic application of ISO 26262 on a SEooC: Support by applying a systematic reuse approach. In: 2015 Design, Automation Test in Europe Conference Exhibition (DATE), pp. 393–396, March 2015Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    SafEUr Training Material Committee. ECQA Certified Functional Safety Manager Training Material. Training dossier, April 2013Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Schneider, R., et al.: Safety Element out of Context - A Practical Approach. In: SAE International Technical Papers, number 2012–01-0033, April 2012Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Scuro, G.: Automotive industry: Innovation driven by electronics (2012). http://embedded-computing.com/articles/automotive-industry-innovation-driven-electronics/
  23. 23.
    The SPICE User Group: Automotive SPICE Process Assessment/Reference Model V3.0, July 2015Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Georg Macher
    • 1
    Email author
  • Omar Veledar
    • 1
  • Markus Bachinger
    • 1
  • Andreas Kager
    • 1
  • Michael Stolz
    • 1
  • Christian Kreiner
    • 2
  1. 1.AVL List GmbHGrazAustria
  2. 2.Graz University of TechnologyGrazAustria

Personalised recommendations