The Changing Order in the World of Work

  • Robert E. MitchellEmail author


The world of work provided order in the lives of families and neighborhoods. This chapter describes changing inter-regional and inter-city differences in occupational profiles. In every region, Jews were over-represented in the commercial sector. They were networkers who contributed to order in the larger Pale of Settlement. Job opportunities did not keep pace with the five-fold increase in the Jewish population during the nineteenth century, one that also witnessed increasing industrialization and Jews in manufacturing occupations. The world of work provided order. The lack of work and income was a major source of disorder.


Cattle sector Commerce Comparative advantage Farmers Grain trade Jobs Labor force Manufacturing Occupational/work force profiles Regional differences Standard of living Unemployment Urban centers 

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.BrooklineUSA

Personalised recommendations