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Pain pp 45-48 | Cite as

Central Sensitization

  • Robert H. JenkinsonEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Central sensitization refers to the amplification of the signaling of neurons within the central nociceptive pathway secondary to increased release of excitatory neurotransmitters, enhanced synaptic sensitivity and decreased inhibition. This clinically manifests as mechanical hypersensitivity, allodynia and hyperalgesia. Presented are the clinical findings and proposed mechanisms of central sensitization.

Keywords

Central sensitization Neuronal plasticity Hyperalgesia Allodynia 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Utah HealthSalt Lake CityUSA

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