Three Cities of the Americas: Policies and Instruments in Seattle, Montreal, and Curitiba
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This chapter traces the urban transport history of Seattle, Montreal, and Curitiba based on the respondents’ recount of the policies and instruments used by successive governments. If the three cities have historically been successful in setting the conditions for high transit ridership and active modes of transport, they are now at different stages of political and policy development. In Seattle, a strong local economy, combined with a progressive political environment, is supporting a virtuous cycle of policies and investments, creating the perfect conditions for people to choose transit and active modes. In the meantime, Montreal is experiencing a true paradigm change with a new governance structure, policy framework, cycle of investment and political makeup, which are setting the ground for an urban renaissance. As for Curitiba, policymakers facing an unfavorable political and economic environment have not been able to maintain the level of innovations and investments necessary for the BRT system to grow, contributing to its depreciation.
KeywordsUrban transport Urban planning Regional governance Public policy
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