The Parentela and Oligarchy
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This chapter reviews the novelties which the present volume brings to the parentela model. The chapter argues therefore that the extended parentela has an application in the field of democracy and democratic transition because it has the potential to explain forms of transitions not towards to democracy but away from it. The model elucidates that formal democratic institutions can harbour non-democratic dynamics, partcularly the transition from biased pluralist or oligarchic dynamics into a consolidated oligarchic status quo. (Whether the starting point of the transformation is pluralism or the oligarchic dynamics of the extended parentela depends on where we stand in the debate on their mutual discreteness).
KeywordsParentela partyParty insiderInsider oligarchyOligarchy Civil serviceCivil Service
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