Compliance to eXtreme Apprenticeship in a Programming Course: Performance, Achievement Emotions, and Self-efficacy

  • Margherita BrondinoEmail author
  • Vincenzo Del Fatto
  • Rosella Gennari
  • Margherita Pasini
  • Daniela Raccanello
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 804)


We investigated the efficacy of using the eXtreme Apprenticeship (XA) methodology for teaching programming courses at the university by considering an often-neglected aspect: students’ achievement emotions in XA tasks. We involved 53 university students who participated in a XA-based programming course. We assessed students’ performance in the course, their achievement emotions and self-efficacy. Key results of the study are presented in the paper. Students with a higher compliance towards the course performed better and were characterised by less intense anxiety, anger, and hopelessness compared to those with a lower compliance. Among achievement emotions, only shame mediated the relation between self-efficacy and performance. Such findings are discussed in terms of their theoretical and applied relevance.


eXtreme Apprenticeship Performance Achievement emotions Self-efficacy 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margherita Brondino
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vincenzo Del Fatto
    • 2
  • Rosella Gennari
    • 2
  • Margherita Pasini
    • 1
  • Daniela Raccanello
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Human SciencesUniversity of VeronaVeronaItaly
  2. 2.Faculty of Computer ScienceFree University of Bozen-BolzanoBozen-BolzanoItaly

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