A brief review of hiatal hernias provided by the authors. Presenting symptoms, imaging, and other diagnostic workup are described. Role of endoscopy as a diagnostic and occasional therapeutic tool are noted. The four classifications of hiatal hernia are provided. Distinction between urgent/emergent operative intervention requiring presentation and indications for elective repair are highlighted. Variations in surgical approach as well as fundoplication are mentioned.
KeywordsHiatal hernia Paraesophageal hernia Fundoplication Dor Toupet Nissen GERD Dysphagia Regurgitation Heartburn
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