International Business

  • Jan GuichelaarEmail author
Part of the Springer Biographies book series (SPRINGERBIOGS)


After preliminary conferences in 1918 in London and Paris the founding meetings of the International Research Council (IRC) were held. After the end of the First World War the enmity of the allied countries towards the central powers, in particular Germany, was so intense that the old international scientific structure could no longer be maintained. A new structure without Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire was formed. The first board consisted of the French mathematician C. E. Picard (1856–1941), the American Hale, the Belgian astronomer G. Lecointe (1869–1929) and the Italian mathematician V. Volterra (1860–1940). The English mathematician and physicist A. Schuster (1851–1934; German born) became its secretary.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.AmsterdamThe Netherlands

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