Degree Programs on Climate Change in Philippine Universities: Factors that Favor Institutionalization

  • Jocelyn Cartas CuaresmaEmail author
Part of the Climate Change Management book series (CCM)


The Philippine Climate Change Act of 2009 (RA 9729) mandates the integration of climate change in school curricula, and in capacity building, research and extension programs. Encouraged by the desire to know the policies and strategies that academic institutions are taking to address climate issues, this research seeks to examine efforts of universities in integrating climate change issues in academic endeavors and the extent to which these are sustained or institutionalized. The experiences of 10 universities covered in the study show that efforts have to be well coordinated, require a mandate at the highest level, partnerships can boost efforts, and success requires the participation of many disciplines and sectors. Some universities are more deeply involved than the others, but otherwise each has its own unique strategies to sustain decisions. The universities studied have developed their respective academic area of expertise to serve the knowledge and skills needs of the community and region where they operate. The paper hopes to contribute to a greater understanding of institutionalizing climate action by putting together information on climate change-related degree programs and initiatives of HEIs.


Philippine universities Diffusion Institutionalization Climate change programs 



The support of the University of the Philippines-National College of Public Administration and Governance as well as the assistance of professors/heads of universities (BU, CBSUA, CLSU, CvSU, ISU, and Miriam College) interviewed are gratefully acknowledged.


  1. Benayas J, Alonso I, Alba D, Pertierra L (2010) The impact of universities on the climate change process. In: Filho WL (ed) Universities and climate change: introducing climate change to university programmes. Springer, Berlin, pp 47–65. Scholar
  2. Brandli LL, Filho WL, Frandoloso MAL, Korf EP, Daris D (2015) The environmental sustainability of Brazilian universities: barriers and pre-conditions. In: Filho WL, Azeiteiro U, Caeiro S, Alves F (eds) Integrating sustainability thinking in science and engineering curricula. World Sustainability Series. Springer, ChamGoogle Scholar
  3. Commission on Higher Education (CHED) (2014) State Universities and Colleges Statistical Bulletin, Academic year 2013–2014, 103 pages. Link:
  4. Cuaresma JC (2017) Philippine Higher Education Institutions’ responses to climate change. In: Filho WL (ed) Climate change research at universities: addressing the mitigation and adaptation challenges. Springer, Hamburg, Germany, pp. 69–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Department of Budget and Management (2016) General Appropriations ActGoogle Scholar
  6. Department of Energy (2001) DOE guidebook for developing sustainable rural renewable energy services, 39 pagesGoogle Scholar
  7. Filho WL (2009) Sustainability at universities: opportunities, challenges and trends. Peter Lang Scientific Publishers, FrankfurtGoogle Scholar
  8. Filho WL (2010) Climate change at universities: results of a world survey. Chap. 1. In: Filho WL (ed) Universities and climate change: introducing climate change to university programmes., ©Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 1–19Google Scholar
  9. Filho WL (ed) (2017) Climate change research at universities: addressing the mitigation and adaptation challenges. Springer, Hamburg, Germany, eBook ISBN 978-3-319-58214-6Google Scholar
  10. Meakin S (November 1992) The Rio Earth Summit: Summary of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. Science and Technology Division. Link:
  11. MMSU News, PSM program launched today. August 11. 2016. Link:
  12. MMSU News. 3 big dev’t projects in MMSU seen. September 28, 2015. Link:
  13. Mulvey K, Piepenburg J, Goldman G, Frumhoff PC (October 2016) The climate accountability scorecard: ranking major fossil fuel companies on climate deception, disclosure, and action. Union of concerned scientists. Link:
  14. Republic Act No. 9729 or the Climate Change Act of 2009, dated October 23, 2009Google Scholar
  15. Rogers EM (1983) Diffusion of innovation, 3rd edn. Free Press of Glencoe, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. UNESCO (1992) The Rio declaration on environment and development, 19 pages. Link:
  17. UNFCCC December 12, 2015. Paris Agreement—status of ratification. Link:

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National College of Public Administration and GovernanceUniversity of the PhilippinesQuezon CityPhilippines

Personalised recommendations