Advertisement

Historical Uniformity and Diversity of Notaries in the Shadow of Their Modern Transformation

  • Ivan MilotićEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice book series (IUSGENT, volume 70)

Abstract

The traditional understanding of notaries in Europe almost exclusively relies on the dictionary meaning of the term notarius. Etymology and the strict meaning of that Latin word reveal the essence of the roles and functions of notaries that have traditionally existed in European legal culture from late antiquity onwards. Despite the fact that the basic idea of the notarial profession relied on the same grounds, their positions and authority or credibility of the documents they produced varied considerably throughout Europe and during different historical periods. This contribution contains an overview of the traditional and continuous roles and functions of notaries in Europe. It puts emphasis on the question whether these roles and functions referred exclusively to documentary work or whether notaries of medieval and later Europe could reliably be ascribed some other (regulatory) powers.

References

  1. Amelotti M, Costamagna G (1975) Alle origini del notariato italiano. Consiglio Nazionale del Notariato, RomeGoogle Scholar
  2. Brundage J (2008) The medieval origins of the legal profession: canonists, civilians, and courts. Chicago U Press, ChicagoCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cannata CA (1986) Aperçu historique du notariat européen. Revue Suisse du Notariat et du Registre foncier 67(4):193–206Google Scholar
  4. Brown JC (1936) The origin and the early history of the office of notary. W Green and Son, EdinburghGoogle Scholar
  5. Eck W (1978) Zum neuen Fragment des sogenannten testamentum Dasumii. Z Papyrologie Epigraphik 30:277–295Google Scholar
  6. Englemann A (1895) Der Civil prozess, Geschichte und System, Bd. 2, Hft. 3. Robner Verlag, BreslauGoogle Scholar
  7. Fournier P (1984) Les officialités au moyen âge: étude sur l’organisation, la compétence et la procédure des tribunaux ecclésiastiques ordinaires en France, de 1180 à 1328. Scientia Verlag, AalenGoogle Scholar
  8. García and García (1981) A Constitutiones Concilii quarti Lateranensis una cum Commentariis glossatorum. Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, VaticanGoogle Scholar
  9. Gaudenzi A (ed) (1892) Rainerii de Perusio Ars notaria. Biblioteca Iuridica Medii Aevi, vol 2, pp 25–67Google Scholar
  10. Gouron A (1995) Testis unus testis nullus dans la doctrine juridique der XIIe siècle. Mediaevalia Lovanensia, ser. 1, stud. XXIV:83–93Google Scholar
  11. Gulin A (2008) Hrvatski srednjovjekovni kaptoli—Loca credibilia Dalmacije, Hrvatskog primorja, kvarnerskih otoka i Istre (Croatian medieval chapter houses—Loca credibilia of Dalmatia, Croatian Coast, Islands of Kvarner, and Istria). Croatian Academy of Arts and Sciences, ZagrebGoogle Scholar
  12. Hunyadi Z (2003) Administering the law: Hungary’s loca credibilia. Custom and law in central Europe. In: Rady M (ed) Centre for European legal studies. Cambridge, pp 25–35Google Scholar
  13. Kantorowicz H (1938) Studies in the glossators of the Roman law. Cambridge U Press, Cambridge, Newly discovered writings of the twelfth centuryGoogle Scholar
  14. Margetić L (1971) Funkcija i porijeklo službe egzaminatora u srednjovjekovnim komunama Hrvatskog primorja i Dalmacije (function and origins of the examinator’s office in the medieval communities of the Croatian coast and Dalmatia). Starine 55:191–210Google Scholar
  15. Marino F (1988) Il falso testamentario nel diritto romano. Z Savigny-Stiftung Rechtsgeschichte, Romanistische Abt 105(1):634–663Google Scholar
  16. Meyer A (2000) Felix et inclitus notarius. Studien zum italienischen Notariat vom 7. bis zum 13. Jahrhundert. Bibliothek des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rom 92. Max Niemeyer Verlag, TübingenGoogle Scholar
  17. Milotić I (2013) Pravno uređenje položaja sastavljača isprava te povjerenja u privatne isprave u rimskom pravu’ (legal regulation of document compilers and trust in private documents in Roman law). Liber amicorum Mihajlo Dika, Faculty of Law, Zagreb, pp 693–724Google Scholar
  18. Murphy JJ (1981) Rhetoric in the Middle Ages: a history of rhetorical theory from Saint Augustine to the Renaissance. U of California Press, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  19. Neschwara C (2000) Österreichs Notariatsrecht in Mittel- und Osteuropa Zur Geltung und Ausstrahlung des österreichischen Notariats. Manzsche Verlags, ViennaGoogle Scholar
  20. Nörr KW (2012) Romanisch-kanonisches Prozessrecht: Erkenntnisverfahren erster Instanz in civilibus. Springer, HeidelbergCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Padoa-Schioppa A (2017) A history of law in Europe: from the early Middle Ages to the twentieth century. Cambridge U Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Palmieri GB (1892) [Pseudo-Irnerius] Il Formularium tabellionum di Irnerio. Appunti e documenti per la storia dei glossatori, vol 1, BolognaGoogle Scholar
  23. Pennington K (2016) The fourth lateran council, its legislation, and the development of legal procedure. In: Witte J Jr et al (eds) Texts and contexts in legal history: essays in honor of Charles Donahue. U of California, Berkeley, pp 179–198Google Scholar
  24. Pfaff I (1905) Tabellio und tabularius: ein Beitrag zur Lehre von den römischen Urkundspersonen. Manz, ViennaGoogle Scholar
  25. Rolandinus de Passageriis (c. 1256) Summa Artis Notariae. Pub. (1492) by Simon Bevilacqua, VeniceGoogle Scholar
  26. Santifaller L (1976) Liber diurnus, Reihe Päpste und Papsttum, vol 10. A. Hiersemann, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  27. Saradi GH (1999) Notai e documenti Greci dall’età di Giustiniano al XIX secolo, tom 1. Il sistema notarile bizantino, Giuffrè, MilanoGoogle Scholar
  28. Savigny KF (1834) Geschichte des Römischen Recht im Mittelalter, Kap. 8. Mohr, HeidelbergGoogle Scholar
  29. Stein P (1999) Roman law in European history. Cambridge U Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Steinhoff MW (1976) Origins and development of the notariate at Ravenna (sixth through thirteenth centuries). Dissertation, New York UniversityGoogle Scholar
  31. Stern Y (2000) The testamentary phenomenon in ancient Rome. Historia: Z Alte Geschichte 49(4):413–428Google Scholar
  32. Wahrmund L (ed) (1917) Die Ars Notariae des Rainerius Perusinus. Quellen zur Geschichte des römisch-kanonischen Processes im Mittelalter, vol 3, no. 2. InnsbruckGoogle Scholar
  33. Wolf A (1973) Das öffentliche Notariat, Handbuch der Quellen und Literatur der neueren europäischen Privatrechtsgeschichte. Bd. 1: Mittelalter (1100–1500). Die gelehrten Rechte und die Gesetzgebung. Beck, München, pp 505–514Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of LawUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia

Personalised recommendations