Introduction and Historical Context
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This chapter introduces the puzzles that constitute the broader framework of this book and of the analyses provided. In this chapter, it is also necessary to paint a historical picture of the Muslim International order, including its downturn, and to develop the unique theoretical argument of this project, as this argument stands in contrast to current literature on international public opinion and on the social legitimacy of international organizations. The chapter depicts the Caliphate as an institution of historical significance to Muslims, one whose disappearance in the twentieth century left a void yet to be filled. Hence, by empirically deriving factors that influence Muslim attitudes toward international and regional institutions and by comparing these factors to the Muslim public’s concept of the Caliphate, the book aims not only to test this (historically inspired) argument but also to contribute to the research on the legitimacy of international organizations or lack thereof.
KeywordsMuslim International order Caliphate Abbasid Ottoman
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