Advertisement

Introduction: Diplomatic Recognition and the Taliban Movement

  • Jonathan Cristol
Chapter

Abstract

Recognition was the top foreign policy priority of the new Taliban movement in Afghanistan. This chapter answers two questions: What is diplomatic recognition? and Why was American diplomatic recognition so important to the Taliban? The chapter explains the different theoretical and legal criteria that states use to recognize new regimes or new states. It investigates the tangible and intangible benefits that come from diplomatic recognition. Recognition legitimates the authority of the government for the domestic audience. Domestic legitimacy was especially important to the Taliban, who were engaged in a civil war for the majority of their tenure. It argues that the United States adheres to a constitutive theory of diplomatic recognition and recognizes new governments for political, rather than legal, reasons. It did not recognize the Taliban government for domestic political reasons and a misperception of the geostrategic importance of Afghanistan after the Cold War.

Keywords

Afghanistan Diplomatic recognition Effective control Legitimacy Taliban United States foreign policy 

References

  1. Anonymous. Redacted. 2001. [Redacted]/Veteran Afghanistan Traveler’s Analysis of Al Qaeda and Taliban Exploitable Weaknesses [from Defense Intelligence Agency to [redacted]]. 3 October 2001. Defense Intelligence Agency, document accessed at the National Security Archive, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  2. Blanchfield, Luisa, and Marjorie Ann Browne. 2014. Membership in the United Nations and Its Specialized Agencies. R43614, Congressional Research Service, 19 June 2014.Google Scholar
  3. Briggs, Herbert W. 1949. Recognition of States: Some Reflections on Doctrine and Practice. The American Journal of International Law 43 (1): 113–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Coggins, Bridget. 2006. Secession, Recognition and the International Politics of Statehood. PhD dissertation, Columbus, OH, The Ohio State University.Google Scholar
  5. Crawford, James. 2006. The Creation of States in International Law, 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Dodd, Christopher. 1997. Senate Concurrent Resolution 6. 7 February 1997, 105th Congress, 1st Session. Government Publications Office. Google Scholar
  7. Fabry, Mikulas. 2010. Recognizing States: International Society & the Establishment of New States Since 1776. New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fenwick, C.G. 1944. The Recognition of New Governments Instituted by Force. The American Journal of International Law 38 (3): 448–452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gannon, Kathy. 2005. I Is for Infidel. New York: Public Affairs.Google Scholar
  10. Grant, Thomas D. 1998. Defining Statehood: The Montevideo Convention and Its Discontents. Columbia Journal of Transnational Law 37: 403–457.Google Scholar
  11. Geldenhuys, Deon. 2009. Contested States in World Politics. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Maley, William. 2000. The Foreign Policy of the Taliban. Report, Council on Foreign Relations. 15 February 2000. Web.Google Scholar
  13. Mastanduno, Michael, et al. 1989. Toward a Realist Theory of State Action. International Studies Quarterly 33 (4): 457–474.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Peterson, M.J. 1982. Political Use of Recognition: The Influence of the International System. World Politics 34 (3): 324–352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Peterson, M.J. 1997. Recognition of Governments: Legal Doctrine and State Practice, 1815–1995. Basingstoke, UK: Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Rubin, Alissa J. 2011. Assassination Deals Blow to Peace Process in Afghanistan. New York Times, 20 September 2011. Web.Google Scholar
  17. Weeks, Gregory. 2001. Almost Jeffersonian: US Recognition Policy Toward Latin America. Presidential Studies Quarterly 31 (3): 490–504.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan Cristol
    • 1
  1. 1.Levermore Global Scholars ProgramAdelphi UniversityGarden CityUSA

Personalised recommendations