Pelvic Floor Anatomy as It Relates to the Design and Development of Vaginal Mesh Kits

  • Jonia Alshiek
  • S. Abbas ShobeiriEmail author


Pelvic floor architectural defects are related to parity, aging, hysterectomy, and chronic straining. The muscles and the supportive connective tissue can be torn, stretched, or denervated. Basic understanding of pelvic floor anatomy is essential to understanding why the use of vaginal mesh kits was seen as a plausible surgical solution. The goal of the current chapter is to use the suspension bridge analogy and simple representative drawings to communicate to readers the complex pelvic floor anatomy and function and the rationale behind mesh usage.


Pelvic floor Levator ani muscle Perineal body Endopelvic fascia Pubocervical Rectovaginal Uterosacral Mesh Cystocele Rectocele 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyGynecologic Subspecialties, Inova Women’s Hospital, Virginia Commonwealth UniversityFalls ChurchUSA
  2. 2.Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael
  3. 3.INOVA Health SystemFalls ChurchUSA

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