Alcohol and Drug Misuse Interventions in Conflict-Affected Populations

  • M. Claire GreeneEmail author
  • Jeremy C. Kane
  • Noa Krawczyk
  • Felicity Brown
  • Laura Murray
  • Kaveh Khoshnood
  • Wietse A. Tol


Despite the burden of substance misuse in conflict-affected populations, prevention and treatment services are often unavailable or neglected in policy and public health practice. This chapter reviews: (1) the epidemiology of substance misuse; (2) evidence for treatment and prevention services; and (3) implementation considerations for substance use services in conflict-affected populations. Overall, there is a significant lack of research evaluating implementation and impact of alcohol and drug misuse prevention and treatment services in conflict and post-conflict settings. Existing research indicates that substance misuse is common in conflict settings and displaced populations, and implementation of prevention and treatment programs is feasible, highlighting the importance of strengthening knowledge on how best to address this critical public health concern.


Substance misuse Alcohol misuse Drug misuse Prevention Treatment Intervention Conflict-affected Post-conflict Refugees 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Claire Greene
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jeremy C. Kane
    • 1
  • Noa Krawczyk
    • 1
  • Felicity Brown
    • 2
  • Laura Murray
    • 1
  • Kaveh Khoshnood
    • 3
  • Wietse A. Tol
    • 1
  1. 1.Mental HealthJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public HealthBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Research and DevelopmentWar ChildAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Yale School of Public HealthEpidemiology of Microbial DiseasesNew HavenUSA

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