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Mental Health Among Adult Survivors of War in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Epidemiology and Treatment Outcome

  • Nexhmedin MorinaEmail author
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Abstract

Millions of survivors of war live in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This chapter critically reviews literature on prevalences of mental disorders, in particular depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), among adult survivors of war in LMICs. In addition, current publications on the efficacy of psychological interventions for depression and PTSD applied within this population are discussed. The findings suggest that more than a fourth of a population with a recent history of mass violence suffer from depression and/or PTSD at any given time. There is lack of research on mental disorders other than PTSD and depression among war survivors in LMICs. Furthermore, current evidence suggests that psychological interventions have the potential to successfully reduce symptoms of depression and PTSD in LMICs. Yet, given the lack of mental health services in many LMICs, a major challenge for global mental health remains developing more low-intensity interventions that can provide cost-effective solutions to large numbers of war survivors in need of mental health services.

Keywords

War Mental health Depression PTSD Psychological interventions Meta-analysis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical Psychology and PsychotherapyUniversity of MünsterMünsterGermany

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