Establishing a New Order: The Orientation of Roman Towns Built in the Age of Augustus

  • A. César González-GarcíaEmail author
  • Andrea Rodríguez-Antón
  • David Espinosa-Espinosa
  • Marco V. García Quintela
  • Juan Belmonte Aviles
Part of the Historical & Cultural Astronomy book series (HCA)


Urbanism in most areas of Western Europe occurred at the time of the Roman Empire when several hundred new towns were founded, notably under Augustus. Those towns were planned to incorporate astronomical phenomena as images of propaganda of their rulers, or to connect the city to the gods. The visual effect of the Sun rising in line with the orientation of the city at a given moment in its yearly movement was thus sought and incorporated for its ritual meaning. Special moments allegedly related to Augustus were considered, in particular Winter Solstice and Autumn Equinox.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. César González-García
    • 1
    Email author
  • Andrea Rodríguez-Antón
    • 2
  • David Espinosa-Espinosa
    • 3
  • Marco V. García Quintela
    • 3
  • Juan Belmonte Aviles
    • 2
  1. 1.Instituto de Ciencias del Patrimonio, Incipit-CSICSantiago de CompostelaSpain
  2. 2.Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias & Universidad de La LagunaLa LagunaSpain
  3. 3.Departamento de Historia, Faculdade de Xeografía e HistoriaUniversidade de Santiago de CompostelaSantiago de CompostelaSpain

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