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An Overview on 40 Years of Remote Sensing Geology Based on Arab Examples

  • Jean-Paul DeroinEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)

Abstract

Remote sensing techniques are particularly suitable for geological studies in arid regions such as the Arab world. Here, we present an overview of the main applications of satellite sensors to geology for geological mapping, tectonic and structural geology, hydrogeology, mining geology, geoarchaeology, oil and gas prospection, earthquake and seismicity, landslides and coastal erosion. The main characteristics of the sensors are discussed. In addition, three examples of modern remote sensing imagery show geology in Arab countries: The Dead Sea Fault in the Middle East as seen with the large-scale ALOS PALSAR (ScanSAR mode) image, the Bou Azzer Anticline (Morocco) viewed by multispectral Landsat TM and the evolution of the coastal front in Nouakchott (Mauritania), monitored with multi-temporal Landsat data.

Keywords

Satellite imagery Multispectral Radar Arab countries Geosciences Desert 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, Faculty of Science, GEGENAA EA 3795 and SFR Condorcet FR CNRS 3417ReimsFrance

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