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Major Circuit Elements

  • Sergey N. Makarov
  • Reinhold Ludwig
  • Stephen J. Bitar
Chapter

Abstract

Knowledge of university physics: electricity and magnetism (optional)

Keywords:

Circuit elements Circuit components υ-i characteristic Resistance Polarity Voltage difference Voltage drop Voltage polarity Passive reference configuration Ohm’s law Linear passive circuit element Conductance Siemens mho Short circuit Open circuit Ohmic conductor Mobility of charge carriers Material conductivity Material resistivity Electric circuit American Wire Gauge (AWG) Resistor Fixed resistors Surface Mound Devices (SMD) (resistance value geometry size) Variable resistor Potentiometer Resistive sensors Photoresistor Photocell Negative temperature coefficient (NTC) Thermistor equation Thermistor constant Thermocouple Peltier-Seebeck effect Strain gauge Strain sensitivity Gauge factor Strain gauge equation Potentiometric position sensor Nonlinear passive circuit elements Non-ohmic circuit elements Radiation resistance Ideal diode Shockley equation Static resistance Dynamic resistance Small-signal resistance Differential resistance Incremental resistance (DC) Operating point Quiescent point Electronic switch Solid-state switch Switch threshold voltage Two-terminal switch Three-terminal switch Unidirectional switch Bidirectional switch Independent ideal voltage source Active reference configuration Nonlinear passive circuit elements Non-ohmic circuit elements Radiation resistance Static resistance Ideal diode Shockley equation Dynamic resistance Small-signal resistance Differential resistance Incremental resistance (DC) Operating point Quiescent point Electronic switch Solid-state switch Switch threshold voltage Two-terminal switch Three-terminal switch Unidirectional switch Bidirectional switch Independent ideal voltage source Active reference configuration Practical voltage source Maximum available source current Maximum available source power Open-circuit source voltage Short-circuit circuit current Internal source resistance Independent ideal current source Practical current source Charge separation principle Faraday’s law of induction Lorentz force Instantaneous generator voltage Average generator voltage Battery voltage Battery capacity Battery energy storage Dependent sources Voltage-controlled voltage source Current-controlled voltage source Voltage-controlled current source Current-controlled current source Open-circuit voltage gain Transresistance Transconductance Short-circuit current gain Voltage amplifier Current amplifier Transresistance amplifier Transconductance amplifier Transfer characteristic AC voltage source Ideal voltmeter Ideal ammeter Earth ground Chassis ground Common (neutral) terminal (ground) Forward current Return current Absolute voltages in a circuit 

Supplementary material

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergey N. Makarov
    • 1
  • Reinhold Ludwig
    • 2
  • Stephen J. Bitar
    • 3
  1. 1.ECE DepartmentWorcester Polytechnic InstituteWorcesterUSA
  2. 2.ECE DepartmentWorcester Polytechnic InstituteWorcesterUSA
  3. 3.Worcester Polytechnic InstituteWorcesterUSA

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