From Physics to Electric Circuits

  • Sergey N. Makarov
  • Reinhold Ludwig
  • Stephen J. Bitar


Knowledge of university physics: electricity and magnetism


Electricity Electric field intensity Electric field Electric field magnitude Lines of force Electric potential Electric voltage Line integral Contour integral Conservative field Potential energy of the electric field Voltage drop Voltage difference Ground reference Neutral conductor Common conductor Voltage versus ground Equipotential lines Volumetric charge density Surface charge density Gauss’ theorem Equipotential surface Self-capacitance Electrostatic discharge Effect of electrostatic discharge on integrated circuits Boundary element method Electric current density Material conductivity Transmission line Direct current (DC) Electric load Ideal wire Kirchhoff’s voltage law (KVL) Magnetic field Magnetic-field intensity Ampere’s law Cross (vector) product Poynting vector Poynting theorem Wireless communications Wireless power transfer Fluid mechanics analogy of an electric circuit Hydraulic analogy of an electric circuit Voltage source (hydraulic analogy) Resistance (hydraulic analogy) Current source (hydraulic analogy) Capacitance (hydraulic analogy) Inductance (hydraulic analogy) Electric transformer (hydraulic analogy) NMOS transistor (hydraulic analogy) Bipolar junction transistor (hydraulic analogy) 

Supplementary material

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergey N. Makarov
    • 1
  • Reinhold Ludwig
    • 2
  • Stephen J. Bitar
    • 3
  1. 1.ECE DepartmentWorcester Polytechnic InstituteWorcesterUSA
  2. 2.ECE DepartmentWorcester Polytechnic InstituteWorcesterUSA
  3. 3.Worcester Polytechnic InstituteWorcesterUSA

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