Crop Area Statistics

  • K. V. Raju
  • V. R. Hegde
  • Satish A. Hegde
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science book series (BRIEFSENVIRONMENTAL)


Generation of crop statistics in India dates back to Kautilya’s Arthashastra (an ancient Indian treatise on statecraft belonging to third century BC) as well as Moghul era (sixteenth century). Currently, the crop statistics are generated based on land revenue system for major food crops and non-food crops. The data is received from the State Agricultural Statistics Authorities in various states and union territories. Methods for crop area estimation based on different sampling techniques have been successful but cost-effective methods, especially in developing or underdeveloped nations, are needed. New technologies like remote sensing, GPS, and GIS have played a major role. Crop area estimation at the national level is more established. Addressing accuracy first, it is important to address national versus small area estimation; in terms of accuracy, it seems to be a choice between accuracy and cost, assuming each has an approximate level of timeliness. Methods using satellite images have the essential component of reference of ground truths. In a mixed cropping pattern with small and fragmented holdings, the extent of ground truths was found to be inadequate, and studies indicate that manual extraction of field boundaries with thorough knowledge of the landscape provides useful results and provides control on datasets for further validation, while field inventory is done adopting an integrated approach.


Crop statistics Land revenue system Satellite images Mixed cropping pattern Fragmented holding Ground truth Field boundaries 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. V. Raju
    • 1
  • V. R. Hegde
    • 2
  • Satish A. Hegde
    • 2
  1. 1.International Crops Research Institute for the Semi Arid TropicsHyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Pixel Softek Pvt. LtdBangaloreIndia

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