Mathematics Classroom Collaborator (MC2): Technology for Democratizing the Classroom

  • Sohee KangEmail author
  • Marco Pollanen
  • Sotirios Damouras
  • Bruce Cater
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10931)


In any classroom, different groups of students may have unequal voices. This “lack of democracy” may be particularly problematic in STEM fields. To promote a more inclusive classroom, we developed and tested an online, real-time communication tool: the Mathematics Classroom Collaborator (\(MC^2\)). \(MC^2\) makes the entry of mathematics easy and intuitive, it includes an option for anonymity, and it works on a variety of platforms, including smart phones, tablets, and notebook computers. In this paper, we share our experience with employing \(MC^2\) in a statistics service course and an introductory probability course. We describe how this tool creates new communication models for the technologically-enhanced class — models that may help overcome social barriers to create a more inclusive environment, and that may lead to further democratization of learning, including increased participation by women and/or English-language learners. The results of an experiment to measure the effectiveness of \(MC^2\) compared to Microsoft Word Equation for novice users are also presented.


Technology-enhanced classes Mathematics Classroom Collaborator Democracy in the classroom 



This work was supported by a research grant from eCampus Ontario.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sohee Kang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marco Pollanen
    • 2
  • Sotirios Damouras
    • 1
  • Bruce Cater
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Toronto ScarboroughTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Trent UniversityPeterboroughCanada

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