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On the Interference Problem for Ellipsoids: Experiments and Applications

  • Jorge Caravantes
  • Laureano Gonzalez-VegaEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10931)

Abstract

The problem of detecting when two moving ellipsoids overlap is of interest to robotics, CAD/CAM, computer animation, etc. By analysing symbolically the sign of the real roots of the characteristic polynomial of the pencil defined by two ellipsoids \(\mathcal {A}\) and \(\mathcal {B}\) we use and analyse the new closed formulae introduced in [9] characterising when \(\mathcal {A}\) and \(\mathcal {B}\) overlap, are separate and touch each other externally for determining the interference of two moving ellipsoids. These formulae involves a minimal set of polynomial inequalities depending only on the entries of the matrices A and B (defining the ellipsoids \(\mathcal {A}\) and \(\mathcal {B}\)), need only to compute the characteristic polynomial of the pencil defined by A and B and do not require the computation of the intersection points between them. This characterisation provides a new approach for exact collision detection of two moving ellipsoids since the analysis of the univariate polynomials (depending on the time) in the previously mentioned formulae provides the collision events between them.

Keywords

Ellipsoids separation problem Real quantifier elimination Closed form solutions 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidad Complutense de MadridMadridSpain
  2. 2.Universidad de CantabriaSantanderSpain

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