Biracial Families Formed Through Adoption



While the majority of biracial families are formed by adults of different races coming together, there are a growing number of biracial families that result from adults of one race adopting children of another race. Specifically, the number of white parents with minority children has grown in recent decades, but concerns exist regarding white parents’ ability to successfully prepare their children for life as a racial minority. This chapter first summarizes the landscape of transracial adoption, including the prevalence and types of such adoption. We then review research on transracial adoption, the majority of which focuses on family factors impacting the mental health and adjustment of adoptees. Special attention is given to the role of racial socialization in promoting resiliency in transracial adoptees. Finally, consideration is given to emerging research on the racial dynamics of these biracial adoptive families. Implications for clinical work and recommendations for critical areas of research are provided.


Transracial adoption International transracial adoption Racial identity Ethnic identity Preparation for bias Racial socialization Cultural socialization Color-blind attitude 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Family ScienceUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Family Studies and Community DevelopmentTowson UniversityTowsonUSA

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