Young Indonesian Musicians, Upward Career Mobility and Feeling at Home

Part of the Studies in Childhood and Youth book series (SCY)


This chapter explores narratives of young Indonesian musicians who are working to achieve upward progression in their field of music at the same time as they seek to remain connected to place. Using participant observation and interview data, this chapter explores narratives of young Indonesian musicians keeping the balance between a sense of local belonging and building upward career mobility. The narratives of young Indonesian musicians in this study demonstrate that embeddedness within family and local community, the ability to contribute to society, the maintenance of musical idealism and feeling at home are considered important to aspects to becoming a successful musician. In contrast to the dominant perspective of youth studies which is largely metro-centric focused, for the young musicians in this study, to achieve career progress is not only a matter of recognition, fame, and financial gain. Belonging to place and to the people that matter to them also remains important. For young musicians living in Indonesia, the ultimate meaning of ‘home’ is a space where they can make sense of what happens in everyday life, make sense of their career, and also predict a relatively clear vision of the future.


  1. Antonsich, M. (2010). Searching for belonging—An analytical framework. Geography Compass, 4(6), 644–659.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bauman, Z. (2000). Liquid modernity. London: Polity.Google Scholar
  3. Beck, U. (1992). Risk society: Towards a new modernity. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  4. Beck, U., & Beck-Gernsheim, E. (2002). Individualization: Institutionalised individualism and its social and political consequences. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  5. Beck, U., Bonns, W., & Lau, C. (2003). The theory of reflexive modernization: Problematic, hypotheses and research programme. Theory, Culture & Society, 20(1), 1–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bourdieu, P. (1977). Outline of a theory of practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bourdieu, P. (1986). The forms of capital. In J. Richardson (Ed.), Handbook of theory and research for the sociology of education (pp. 81–93). New York: Greenwood.Google Scholar
  8. Bourdieu, P. (1993). The field of cultural production: Essays on art and literature. Columbia: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Bourdieu, P., & Wacquant, L. (1992). An invitation to reflexive sociology. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  10. Cairns, D. (2014). Youth transitions, international student mobility and spatial reflexivity. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Creswell, J. (2003). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  12. Crivello, D. (2011). ‘Becoming somebody’: Youth transition through education and migration in Peru. Journal of Youth Studies, 14(4), 395–411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Cuervo, H., & Wyn, J. (2014). Reflections on the use of spatial and relational metaphors in youth studies. Journal of Youth Studies, 17(7), 901–915.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Cuervo, H., & Wyn, J. (2017). A longitudinal analysis of belonging: Temporal, performative and relational practices by young people in rural Australia. Young: Nordic Journal of Youth Research, 25(3), 1–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Du, H. (2018). Rich dad, poor dad: The impact of family background on educated young people’s migration from peripheral China. Journal of Youth Studies, 21(1), 90–110. Retrieved from Scholar
  16. Farrugia, D. (2014). Towards a spatialised youth sociology: The rural and the urban in times of change. Journal of Youth Studies, 17(3), 293–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Farrugia, D., & Wood, B. (2017). Youth and spatiality: Towards interdisciplinarity in youth studies. Young: Nordic Journal of Youth Research, 25(3), 209–218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Henderson, S., Holland, J., McGrellis, S., Sharpe, S., & Thomson, R. (2007). Inventing adulthood: A biographical approach to youth transitions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  19. Hodkinson, P. (2002). Goth: Identity, style and subculture. New York: Berg.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hodkinson, P. (2005). Insider research in the study of youth cultures. Journal of Youth Studies, 8(2), 131–149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Jamieson, L., & Simpson, R. (2013). Living alone: Globalization, identity and belonging. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kelly, P. (2006). The entrepreneurial self and youth at risk: Exploring the horizons of identity in the twenty-first century. Journal of Youth Studies, 9(1), 17–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. MacRae, R. (2007). ‘Insider’ and ‘Outsider’ issues in youth research. In P. Hodkinson & W. Deicke (Eds.), Youth cultures: Scenes, subcultures and tribes (pp. 51–61). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  24. May, V. (2011). Self, belonging and social change. Sociology, 45(3), 363–378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Nilan, P. (2011). Youth sociology must cross cultures. Youth Studies Australia, 30(3), 20–26.Google Scholar
  26. Parker, L., & Nilan, P. (2013). Adolescent in contemporary Indonesia. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Robertson, S., Harris, A., & Baldassar, L. (2018). Mobile transitions: A conceptual framework for researching a generation on the move. Journal of Youth Studies, 21(2), 203–217. Retrieved from Scholar
  28. Skeggs, B. (2004). Class, self, culture. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  29. Stahl, G., & Habib, S. (2017). Moving beyond the confines of the local: Working-class students’ conceptualizations of belonging and respectability. Young: Nordic Journal of Youth Research, 25(3), 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Sutopo, O. R., Nilan, P., & Threadgold, S. (2017). Keep the hope alive: Young Indonesian musicians’ views of the future. Journal of Youth Studies, 20(5), 549–564.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sutopo, O. R., Threadgold, S., & Nilan, P. (2017). Young Indonesian musicians, strategic social capital, reflexivity and timing. Sociological Research Online, 22(3), 186–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Wyn, J., Lantz, S., & Harris, A. (2012). Beyond the transitions metaphor: Family, relations and young people in late modernity. Journal of Sociology, 48(1), 3–22.Google Scholar
  33. Wyn, J., & White, R. (2015). Complex worlds, complex identities: Complexity in youth studies. In D. Woodman & A. Bennett (Eds.), Youth cultures, transitions, and generations: Bridging the gap in youth research (pp. 28–41). London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Yuval-Davis, N. (2006). Belonging and the politics of belonging. Patterns of Prejudice, 40(3), 197–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universitas Gadjah MadaYogyakartaIndonesia

Personalised recommendations