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The Use of Auditory Presentations in Assisting Older Adults for Processing Healthcare Information

  • Dyi-Yih Michael LinEmail author
  • Yuan-Ju Hung
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 826)

Abstract

The present study examined the extent to which different auditory presentations could assist the older adult to better retain browsed healthcare information as a function of sound orientation. 18 students from a local university (serving as a control) and 20 older adults aged over 65 from a local lifelong learning Center were recruited to participate in a 2 × 3 × 2 slit-plot factorial experiment where age, auditory display and sound orientation were manipulated as independent variables. The auditory display was a within-subject factor consisting of narration, earcon, and narration plus earcon. Sound orientation was a between-subject factor comprising treatment levels of presence and non-presence. Perusal performance was evaluated by recall hit rate and the subject’s preference. Preliminary results indicated that the older subject was significantly disadvantaged as compared to the young counterpart. Auditory information presented with sound orientation resulted in better recall performance. The narration plus earcon interface outperformed the other two auditory conditions in terms of recall hit rates and subjective preference. Both the older and young groups reported that inclusion of auditory display improved their memory and attention with earcon plus narration receiving the most favorable preference. Sound orientation, however, was not considered by both age groups as resulting in perceived assistance.

Keywords

Auditory interface Cognitive aging Human factors 

References

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    Park D, Schwarz N (2000) Cognitive aging: a primer. Psychology Press, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
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    Fisk AD, Roger WA, Charness N, Czaja SJ, Sharit J (2009) Designing for older adults: principles and creative human factors approaches, 2nd edn. CRC Press, Boca RatonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Baldwin CL (2012) Auditory cognition and human performance: research and applications. CRC Press, Boca RatonCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Industrial ManagementI-Shou UniversityKaohsiung CityTaiwan

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