The Definition and Generation of Body Measurements (ISO 8559 Series of Standards)

  • Youngsuk LeeEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 826)


Clothing sizes have been constantly changing in proportions and dimensions since “ready-to-wear” clothing with standardized sizes appeared in the mid-19th century and, today, sizes across brands and countries continue to vary based on different assumed body shape profiles.

In order to define that size, manufacturers need to know how to measure which body part to ensure the proportions are correct. The ISO 8559 series of standards helps them define “how and where to measure the body”.

The ISO 8559 series of standards provides guidelines for clothing manufacturers to develop size and shape profiles based on different populations in order to create all kinds of clothing and mannequins. They have recently been updated to reflect changes in the dynamic clothing sector and eliminate trade barriers by harmonizing size marking and the terms of reference worldwide.

The ISO 8559 series of standards is aimed at increasing customer satisfaction and reducing returns of items as a result of a poor fit. “They will also help to reduce barriers to international trade by providing a universal set of size markings and terms of reference. This will help to simplify information on garment labels for shoppers as, currently, body dimensions are listed on garment sizing labels that do not relate to the body measurements.”

This paper is an analysis of measuring body applications in the ISO 8559 series of standards created and developed by ISO/TC133.


Anthropometry Clothing ISO 8559-1 Measurements 


  1. 1.
    ISO Homepage. Accessed 21 Apr 2017
  2. 2.
    ISO: ISO 8559-1 (2017) Part 1: Anthropometric definitions for body measurement, ISOGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    ISO: ISO 8559-2 (2017) Part 2: Primary and secondary dimension indicators, ISOGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    ISO: ISO 8559-3 (2018) Part 3: Methodology for the elaboration of the body measurement tables and intervals, ISOGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chonnam National UniversityGwangjuKorea

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