Advertisement

Meghalaya Tourism: A Study on Women’s Attitudes and Perceptions Towards the Cultural Exposure and Interaction in the Context of Meghalaya Tourism

  • Wanrisa Bok KharkongorEmail author
  • Abhirup Chatterjee
  • Debkumar Chakrabarti
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 826)

Abstract

In a matriarchal society like Meghalaya where women are given high value of importance and independence it is seen that their involvement and exposure to work in various spheres is increasing over the years. The matriarchal way of thinking and upbringing has made the women in Meghalaya to inherit a confident, amiable and open-minded persona, which makes them more likely to interact effortlessly with people. There is very less research done on women in a matriarchal society in the field of tourism. There is need to understand and interpret their behavioural patterns and extent of willingness to share their culture with the tourists. Data Collection on 120 indigenous men and women of Meghalaya was done to find out their views on the context of Meghalaya Tourism and the extent of how culture is shared as well as how the level of interaction between the natives and tourists is achieved through tourism was done.

The Results showed that the women natives of Meghalaya have a positive approach to interact and share their culture with the tourists but have no platform to do so. This shows that there is a need to design an interactive platform where culture which is the essence of a place can be shared to the tourists and provide them with a fulfilling and excellent authentic experience that they can carry when they leave the place.

Keywords

Meghalaya tourism Women behavioural patterns Cultural exposure Interaction 

References

  1. 1.
    Global Report on Women in Tourism 2010 Preliminary Findings (2011) World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Employment of Women (UN Women), pp 2–8Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cave P, Kilic S (2010) The role of women in tourism employment with special reference to Antalya, Turkey. J Hosp Market Manage 19:1–7Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dumbrăveanu D, Light D, Young C, Chapman A (2016) Exploring women’s employment in tourism under state-socialism: experiences of tourism work in socialist Romania. Tour Stud 16:4–20Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chant S (1997) Gender and tourism employment in Mexico and the Philippines. In: Sinclair T (ed) Gender, work and tourism. Routledge, London, pp 120–179Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Scott J (1997) Chances and choices: women and tourism in Northern Cyprus. In: Sinclair T (ed) Gender, work and tourism. Routledge, London, pp 60–90Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kinnaird V (1996) Issues of women in tourism development debate: an understanding derek hall. Tour Manage 17(2):6–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Alexandros A (2003) The convergence process in heritage tourism. Ann Tour Res 30(4):795–812CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Arzeni S (2009) Foreword in the impact of culture on tourism. OECD, Paris, pp 1–17Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kladou S (2013) Cultural destinations and the role of gender in sustainable tourism development: focusing on handicraft entrepreneurs. In: Critical tourism conference V, Sarajevo, pp 3–9Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Palmer C (1999) Tourism and the symbols of identity. Tour Manage 20:313–321Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tovar C, Lockwood M (2008) Social impacts of tourism: an Australian regional case study. Int J Tour Res 10(4):365–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Huh C, Vogt CA (2008) Changes in residents’ attitudes toward tourism over time: a cohort analytical approach. J Travel Res 46(4):446–455CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Suhitra C (1998) Issues of women in tourism development debate: an understanding. Equations, pp 35–39Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ahuja B, Cooper M (2004) Women’s role in Indian rural tourism: towards a social-infrastructure model for rural development, pp 1–8Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Szell AB (2012) Attitudes and perceptions of local residents and tourists toward the protected area of Retezat National Park, Romania, Master’s theses. Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Michigan, pp 10–118Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Skipper TL (2009) Understanding tourist-host interactions and their influence on quality tourism experiences, Master theses. Wilfrid Laurier University, pp 22–143Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Marzuki A (2012) Local residents’ perceptions towards economic impacts of tourism development in Phuket, vol 60, no 2, pp 199–212Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hughes HL (2002) Culture and tourism: a framework for further analysis. Manag Leisure 7:164–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Anisah D, Vyasha H, Frinwei NA (2016) Women in tourism: experiences and challenges faced by owners of small accommodation establishments. Afr J Hosp Tour Leisure 5:2–15Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Huimin G, Chris R (2008) Place attachment, identity and community impacts of tourism—the case of a Beijing hutong. Tour Manage 29:637–647Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wanrisa Bok Kharkongor
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abhirup Chatterjee
    • 1
  • Debkumar Chakrabarti
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of DesignIndian Institute of TechnologyGuwahatiIndia

Personalised recommendations