Advertisement

Global Competitiveness of Universities

  • Volodymyr SatsykEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Cultural Psychology of Education book series (CPED, volume 7)

Abstract

The chapter examines key factors of universities’ global competitiveness, mainly regarding conducting scientific research, provision of educational services, and accomplishing important social tasks. The author emphasizes the critically important role of a state for development globally competitive universities. The results of the statistical analysis held on the basis of 50 countries revealed close positive interrelation between the level of overall expenses for higher education per student, between national higher education quality and including universities of one or another country into the Shanghai ranking of universities. The optimal parameters of public and private expenses for higher education per student that are effectively associated with the formation of world-class universities are suggested. The author determines key barriers on the way of establishing national world-class universities in Ukraine, including a shortage of higher education institutions’ financial resources and an inefficient university sector’s governing/management model. Finally, appropriate political priorities, strategic goals, and directions of public policy of Ukraine in the field of scientific research and education aimed at creating competitive universities are suggested.

Keywords

Ukraine Shanghai ranking Quality 

References

  1. Altbach, P. (2004). The costs and benefits of world-class universities. Academe, 90(1). Retrieved from: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40252583.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Altbach, P. (2007). Academic freedom: International realities and challenges. Tradition and transition: The international imperative in higher education (pp. 49–66). Rotterdam, The Netherlands: Sense.Google Scholar
  3. Altbach, P. (2011). The past, present and future of the research university. In P. Altbach & J. Salmi (Eds.), The road to academic excellence: The making of world-class research. Washington: The World Bank.Google Scholar
  4. Armstrong, L. (2002). A new game in town: competitive higher education. In W. H. Dutton & B. D. Loader (Eds.), Digital academe: The new media and institutions of higher education and learning. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  5. Atkinson, R. (2007). Research universities: Core of the US science and technology system. Berkeley: Center for Studies in Higher Education. Retrieved from: http://www.escholarship.org/uc/item/5df0w4t0.
  6. Clark, B. (1998). Creating entrepreneurial universities. Organizational pathways of transformation. Oxford: Pergamon and Elsevier Science.Google Scholar
  7. Clark, W. (2006). Academic charisma and the origins of the research university. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  8. Dupree, H. (1957). Science in the federal government. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Geiger, R. (1993). Research and relevant knowledge: American research universities since world war II. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Hobbs, A. (1997). World class university and cultural diversity. Retrieved from: http://www.math.tamu.edu/~arthur.hobbs/3d.html.
  11. Horta, H. (2009). Global and national prominent universities: Internationalization, competitiveness and the role of the State. Higher Education, 58(3), 387–405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kurbatov, S. (2012). University rankings and the problem of competitiveness of national universities of post-soviet countries in global educational space: the case of Ukraine. Evaluation in Higher Education, 6(2), 59–75.Google Scholar
  13. Lee, M.N.N. (2015). Higher education in Malaysia: National strategies and innovative practices. In Mass higher education development in east Asia (Vol. 2, pp. 105–118). Knowledge studies in higher education.Google Scholar
  14. Lombardi, J., Graig, D., Capaldi, E., Gater, D., & Mendonca, S. (2001). Quality engines: The American research university prototype. Quality engines: The competitive context for research universities. An Annual Report from The Lombardi Program on Measuring University Performance. The Center for Measuring University Performance. July, 2001. Retrieved from: http://mup.asu.edu/research2001.pdf.
  15. Lombardi, J., Graig, D., Capaldi, E., Gater, D., & Mendonca, S. (2002). University organization, governance, and competitiveness. The Top American Research Universities, The Center for Measuring University Performance, An Annual Report from The Lombardi Program on Measuring University Performance, August. Retrieved from: http://mup.asu.edu/research2002.pdf.
  16. Marginson, S. (2006). Dynamics of national and global competition in higher education. Higher Education, 52(1), 1–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Marginson, S. (2012). Emerging countries need world-class universities. University World News, 214. March 25, 2012. Retrieved from: http://www.universityworldnews.com/article.php?story=20120320114704953&query=marginson.
  18. Salmi, J. (2009). The challenge of establishing world-class universities. Washington, DC: World Bank.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Salmi, J., & Froumin, I. (2013). Kak gosudarstva dobivayutsya mezhdunarodnoy konkurentosposobnosti universitetov: Uroki dlya Rossii [Excellence initiatives to establish world-class universities: Evaluation of recent experiences]. Voprosy Obrazovaniya, 1, 25–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Satsyk, V. (2014). Determinants of universities’ global competitiveness: Higher education development strategies in Ukraine (in Russian: Determinanty global’noy konkurentosposobnosti universitetov: V poiske effektivnoy strategii razvitiya vysshego obrazovaniya na Ukraine). Voprosy Obrazovaniya (Higher School of Economics, Moscow), 1, 134–161.Google Scholar
  21. Teich, A. (2000). Research competitiveness and national science policy. In J. Hauger & C. McEnaney (Eds.), Strategies for competitiveness in academic research. Washington, DC: American Association for the Advancement of Science.Google Scholar
  22. The Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan. (2010). State program of education development in the republic of Kazakhstan for 2011–2020. Kazakhstan: Policy document, Astana.Google Scholar
  23. The Ministry of Education, Science and Technology. (2009). Major policies to enhance the competitive strength of Korean higher education. Republic of Korea: Policy document, Seoul.Google Scholar
  24. Tongai, I. (2013). World bank launches ‘centres of excellence’ initiative. University World News, 275.Google Scholar
  25. U21 Ranking of National Higher Education Systems (2016). A ranking of higher education systems based on resources, environment, connectivity and output. Available at: http://www.universitas21.com/RelatedFile/Download/664.
  26. Wang, Y. (2001). Building the world-class university in a developing country: Universals, uniqueness, and cooperation. In Asia Pacific Education Review., 2(2), 3–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. WEF. (2012–2013). Global competitiveness report 2012–2013. Retrieved from: http://www.weforum.org/reports/global-competitiveness-report-2012-2013.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NGO “Educational Trends”KyivUkraine

Personalised recommendations