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MiRNN: An Improved Prediction Model of MicroRNA Precursors Using Gated Recurrent Units

  • Meng Cao
  • Dancheng LiEmail author
  • Zhitao Lin
  • Cheng Niu
  • Chen Ding
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10955)

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that derived from hairpin-forming miRNA precursors (pre-miRNAs) and regulating gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. Many sophisticated computational tools have been developed for miRNA prediction. However, all these existing approaches for predicting miRNA require large amounts of task-specific knowledge in the form of handcrafted features and data pre-processing. In this article, we introduce MiRNN (MiRNN is available at https://github.com/CadenC/MiRNN), a novel computational predictor based on bidirectional gated recurrent units (GRUs). Our system is truly end-to-end, requiring no feature engineering or data preprocessing, thus making it applicable to a wide range of sequence classification tasks. Its main purpose is to omit the procedure of feature extraction and to provide accurate prediction by using the high-level features extracted from the bidirectional recurrent neural network. The experimental results show that MiRNN can produce state-of-the-art performance on pre-miRNA prediction task. The overall prediction accuracy of our model on miRBase data sets is 93.70%. In addition, we trained our model on various clade specific dataset and obtained increased accuracy.

Keywords

MiRNN MicroRNA prediction Deep learning Bidirectional RNN GRUs End-to-end model 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Meng Cao
    • 1
  • Dancheng Li
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zhitao Lin
    • 1
  • Cheng Niu
    • 1
  • Chen Ding
    • 2
  1. 1.Software CollegeNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina
  2. 2.College of Life and Health ScienceNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina

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