• Yongjian LiEmail author
  • Fred Dervin


In the conclusions we come back to the metaphor of ‘Achilles’ heel’. We argue that CPD can tell us a lot about what is happening behind the scene of an ‘education superpower’ like Finland, and open doors to aspects of international comparative education which are not always easy to access. The conclusion summarizes what we found; proposes a concluding figure which presents the organization and funding of CPD in Finland and offers recommendations for different actors involved in CPD. These recommendations are of interest to a global audience.


Teacher educatorsTeacher Educators providersProviders municipalitiesMunicipalities Capacity buildingCapacity Building Tuition Model 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of EducationUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.Department of Teacher EducationUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

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