“Laws” in Biology

  • Igor Popov


Various “laws”, “regularities” and “rules” have been especially often found in palaeontology and biogeography. The adherents of the idea of directed evolution considered that these laws indicated the existence of order in the living nature similar to the order of chemical elements or the existence of internal forces driving evolution. On the contrary, authors opposing the concepts of directed evolution argued that there was no need to invent obscure internal driving forces since everything could be easily explained by the known evolutionary factors.


Laws Rules Inertia Irreversibility Specialization Parallel series in variability Hollow curve 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Igor Popov
    • 1
  1. 1.Saint Petersburg State University, N. N. Petrov Research Institute of OncologySaint PetersburgRussia

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