Statements in Support of Orthogenesis in the 1950s and Later

  • Igor Popov


In addition to new or revived ideas related with orthogenesis, there were in the recent history of evolutionary biology many statements in its support. Russian sources are especially interesting in this respect because in the Soviet Russia Darwinism occupied the same place in biology as communism did in society. Orthogenesis was in contrast with official ideology, and its support was fraught with serious problems. Yet orthogenetic heresy surfaced in the Soviet Union with a persistence that seems to indicate the solidity of its argumentation base. A similar phenomenon—the emergence of orthogenetic ideas under condition of dominating Darwinism—can also be seen in other countries. Though ideological pressure on biology was less dramatic there, non-Darwinian concepts were also considered as somewhat heretic—and yet they kept emerging.


Recent history Support of orthogenesis Heresies Darwinism Dissidents 


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Igor Popov
    • 1
  1. 1.Saint Petersburg State University, N. N. Petrov Research Institute of OncologySaint PetersburgRussia

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