Orthogenesis and the Modern Evolutionary Synthesis

  • Igor Popov


The modern evolutionary synthesis, also referred to as the modern Darwinism, was formed in the 1930–40s and has dominated biology ever since. Its success is partly due to the energetic claims of its authors that they had solved all the main problems of the evolutionary biology. The modern Darwinism was formed over a long period of time by many scientists. This circumstance was both its weakness and its strength. On the one hand, the vagueness of its main postulates left it open to criticism. On the other hand, so much was written about this theory that most critical remarks could be addressed by finding a reference to some concession, exception or particular case.


Evolutionary synthesis Modern Darwinism Criticism Period of formation Vagueness 


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Igor Popov
    • 1
  1. 1.Saint Petersburg State University, N. N. Petrov Research Institute of OncologySaint PetersburgRussia

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