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Evolutionary Biology at the Turn of the Twentieth Century. New Concepts of Directed Evolution in the 1900–1930s

  • Igor Popov
Chapter

Abstract

At the turn of the twentieth century evolutionary biology entered a new phase, which lasted until the 1930s. Numerous, and quite different evolutionary concepts existed in the 1900s–1930s, while none of them seemed to dominate. Some of them were associated with orthogenesis, which was at the peak of popularity in the 1910s–1920s. New concepts of directed evolution were born in Russia (nomogenesis, historical biogenetics), the USA (aristogenesis), Austria (apogenesis), France (allelogenesis), Italy (ologenesis). The authors of these concepts found a lot of new data relevant to directed evolution but also confused this field coining numerous terms and claiming anew what had already been known.

Keywords

Nomogenesis Historical biogenetics Aristogenesis Ologenesis Allelogenesis Apogenesis 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Igor Popov
    • 1
  1. 1.Saint Petersburg State University, N. N. Petrov Research Institute of OncologySaint PetersburgRussia

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