Constraints on Variation

  • Igor Popov


The actual number of variations is smaller than the expected one. There are no blue-eyed fruit flies, no viviparous birds or turtles, no hexapod mammals etc. Such observations provoke non-Darwinian evolutionary concepts. Darwin addressed the contradictions between his model of random variability and the existence of constraints but could not explain them convincingly. Modern Darwinism cannot not solve this problem, either, and the question persists.


Constraints Variation Senescence Snouters “Non-ageing” animals 


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Igor Popov
    • 1
  1. 1.Saint Petersburg State University, N. N. Petrov Research Institute of OncologySaint PetersburgRussia

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