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Labelling Migrants: From Migrant Workers to ‘Muslims’

  • Ayhan KayaEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Identities and Modernities in Europe book series (IME)

Abstract

This chapter briefly outlines the discursive shifts practised in Western European countries in labelling migrants and their descendants since the early days of migration experiences in the 1960s, namely migrant workers until the 1980s, Turks until the 1990s and Muslims today. This chapter questions the practice of many allegedly secular European states in accommodating Turkish-origin migrants as well as other Muslim-origin migrants and their descendants through the institutionalization of Islam. The main claim of this chapter is that Christian democratic and conservative traditions often contribute to the Islamization/Muslimization of migrant communities and their descendants of Muslim background, undermining democratic and liberal elements that have been generated by young generations of migrant background in everyday life.

Keywords

Islamization Multiculturalism Islamophobia Individualization Institutionalization 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of International RelationsIstanbul Bilgi UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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