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Biofuels from Protein-Rich Lignocellulosic Biomass: New Approach

  • Neha SrivastavaEmail author
  • Manish Srivastava
  • S. N. Upadhyay
  • P. K. MishraEmail author
  • Pramod W. Ramteke
Chapter
Part of the Biofuel and Biorefinery Technologies book series (BBT, volume 7)

Abstract

Increasing consumption of fossil fuels and concern over environmental emissions has provided impetus to the development of renewable biofuels. Presently available biofuel production processes and developing approaches have focused on closing the carbon cycle by biological fixation of atmospheric carbon dioxide and conversion of biomass into biofuels. Lignocellulosic plant residues are found in abundance quantity and contain an appropriate amount of protein which is a by-product of biomass pretreatment. Besides conversion of carbohydrates into fuel, efforts towards conversion protein to fuel and ammonia may improve its value addition. Moreover, development of this technology will also realize its advantages of high carbon fixation rates, reduce consumption of synthetic fertilizer, inexpensive, and simple feedstock processing. Therefore, the present chapter provides an overview of the production process of biofuels using lignocellulosic plant residues and their protein by-products. The major hurdles to enhance the yield/production of the product and possible approaches to overcome these hindrances were also discussed.

Keywords

Biofuels Protein waste Nitrogen fertilizer Ammonia recycling Protein conversion 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors N. S. thankfully acknowledge IIT (BHU) Varanasi, India for providing Institute Post-Doctoral fellowship. P. K. Mishra and N. S., acknowledge Department of Chemical Engineering and Technology IIT (BHU) Varanasi. M.S. acknowledges the Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India for DST INSPIRE Faculty [IFA13-MS-02] 2014 award.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering and TechnologyIndian Institute of Technology, (Banaras Hindu University)VaranasiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Physics and AstrophysicsUniversity of DelhiDelhiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Biological SciencesSam Higginbottom University of Agriculture Technology and Sciences (Formerly Allahabad Agricultural Institute) Deemed to be UniversityAllahabadIndia

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