France: The Third Republic 1870–1939

  • Ann Margaret Doyle


Despite a faltering start, the Third Republic saw a new republican order breaking through and democratic institutions taking root. Foremost among these during the 1880s was the setting up of the free, compulsory and secular primary school. The school had a special mission to unite the nation around the values of republicanism and secure social cohesion. Free secondary schooling was introduced from 1930 and a campaign for common secondary schooling following World War I was pursued. These progressive initiatives were shattered by the outbreak of World War II. At the end of the chapter the historical data is analysed in terms of the three explanatory factors: persistence of ideology; social class alliances; and, the nature of the state.


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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ann Margaret Doyle
    • 1
  1. 1.UCL Institute of EducationUniversity College LondonLondonUK

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