The Development of Education in France from 1789 to 1870

  • Ann Margaret Doyle


The French Revolution was a ground-breaking period when a revolutionary ideology came to the fore. The revolutionaries threw themselves into creating education for a new era with some interesting experimentation in its form and content. Its legacy for education was in providing a blueprint for a secular state-controlled education as a vehicle for social equality. State control of education was consolidated under Napoleon Bonaparte and this gave rise to a limited meritocracy. Despite reactionary regimes coming to the fore during the Restoration and the Second Empire, a republican ideology persisted, albeit in attenuated form. At the end of the chapter the historical data is analysed in terms of the three explanatory factors: persistence of ideology, social class alliances, and, the nature of the state.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ann Margaret Doyle
    • 1
  1. 1.UCL Institute of EducationUniversity College LondonLondonUK

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