Advertisement

Head Sensitivity for Designing Bicycle Helmets with Improved Physical Comfort

Conference paper
  • 1.5k Downloads
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 777)

Abstract

Bicycle helmets help reducing head injuries in cycling accidents, but they are not always popular. Discomfort is a major barrier for bicycle helmet use. Improper anthropometric design of the inner structure of a helmet can result in local peak pressure on the skin of the scalp. The purpose of this study was to examine the spatial variations in maximum allowed pressure on the head. Mean maximum allowed pressure on the head was 13,2N (SE 0,2) for females and 16,5N (SE 0,2) for men. The superior frontal area (19,4N, SE 0,7) and the central occipital area (18,3N, SE 0,7N) were the least sensitive areas for male test persons. For females, also the central occipital area had a low sensitivity. In contrast, the inferior frontal area was the most sensitive for men (12,4N SE 0,7N) and women (9,7N SE 0,8N). Headgear should avoid pressure points in areas with high sensitivity.

Keywords

Human factors Head pressure sensitivity Headgear 

References

  1. 1.
    Fife, D., Barancik, J.I., Chatterjee, B.F.: North-Eastern Ohio Trauma study: II, injury rates by age, sex, and cause. Am. J. Publ. Health 74, 473–478 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wood, T., Milne, P.: Head injuries to pedal cyclists and the promotion of helmet use in Victoria, Australia. Accid. Anal. Prev. 20, 177–185 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Thompson, R.S., Rivara, F.P., Thompson, D.C.: A case control study of the effectiveness of bicycle safety helmets. N. Engl. J. Med. 320, 1361–1367 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Olivier, J., Creighton, P.: Bicycle injuries and helmet use: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int. J. Epidemiol. 46, 278–292 (2017)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sacks, J.J., Kresnow, M., Houston, B., Russell, J.: Bicycle helmet use among American children. Injury Prev. 2, 258–262 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Villamor, E., Hammer, S., Martinez-Olaizola, A.: Barriers to bicycle helmet use among Dutch pediatricians. Child Care Health Dev. 34, 743–747 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bogerd, C.C., Aerts, J.M., Annaheim, S., Bröde, P., De Bruyne, G., Flouris, A.D., Kuklane, K., Mayor, T.S., Rossi, R.M.: Thermal effects of headgear: state-of-the-art and way forward. Extreme Physiol. Med. 4(1), A71 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ball, R.A.: Designing Protective Headgear, pp. 302–313 (2011)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ellena, T., Subic, A., Mustafa, H., Pang, T.Y.: The helmet fit index–an intelligent tool for fit assessment and design customization. Appl. Ergon. 55, 194–207 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Skals, S., Ellena, T., Subic, A., Mustafa, H., Pang, T.Y.: Improving fit of bicycle helmet liners using 3D anthropometric data. Int. J. Ind. Ergon. 55, 86–95 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lacko, D., Huysmans, T., Parizel, P.M.: Evaluation of an anthropometric shape model of the human scalp. Appl. Ergon. 48, 70–85 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lazer Sport NVAntwerpBelgium
  2. 2.Design, Production and Management, Faculty of Engineering TechnologyUniversity of TwenteEnschedeNetherlands
  3. 3.Department of Product Development, Faculty of Design SciencesUniversity of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium

Personalised recommendations