Advertisement

Evaluation of 3D Crosswalks Design

Conference paper
  • 1.4k Downloads
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 777)

Abstract

In Portugal there are a large number of pedestrian’s road injuries, exceeding the average value of the European rate. One important measure for avoiding pedestrians traffic crashes is the presence of crosswalks. In order to increase crosswalk conspicuity, some countries such as Iceland, Japan and India have already adopted a new system using 3D crosswalk to increase drivers’ awareness. This study intends to evaluate efficacy of 3D crosswalks comparing them with traditional 2D crosswalk. In this study, the driver reaction was evaluated using static images of urban road situations including 2D and 3D crosswalks. For stimuli presentation we used a constant stimuli methodology with two forced choice paradigm. Results seems to show that people take longer to respond to the 3D crosswalk but make more mistakes on the 2D crosswalk, however due to methodological issues that final conclusion can’t be drawn.

Keywords

3D crosswalk Horizontal signage Pedestrians Driver behavior Reaction time Errors Decision making 

References

  1. 1.
    Wang, T., Jiang, X., Wang, W., Cheng, Q.: Analysis of vehicle speed change at non-signalized crosswalks based on driving behavior. Procedia Eng. 137, 547–553 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
  3. 3.
    CRTASR. China Road Traffic Accidents Statistics Report. Traffic Administration Bureau of China State Security Ministry (2009)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    CRTASR. China Road Traffic Accidents Statistics Report. Traffic Administration Bureau of China State Security Ministry (2010)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    CRTASR. China Road Traffic Accidents Statistics Report. Traffic Administration Bureau of China State Security Ministry (2011)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    NHSTA, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Traffic Safety Facts: 2013 Data (2015). http://www-nrd.nhtsa.do.gov/Pubs/812124.pdf. Accessed 20 Feb 2018
  7. 7.
    Guo, Y., Liu, P., Liang, Q., Wang, W.: Effects of parallelogram-shaped pavement markings on vehicle speed and safety of pedestrian crosswalks on urban roads in China. Accid. Anal. Prev. 95, 438–447 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gårder, P.E.: The impact of speed and other variables on pedestrian safety in Maine. Accid. Anal. Prev. 36, 533–542 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pasanen, E.: Driving Speeds and Pedestrian Safety: A Mathematical Model. Helsinki University oh Technology, Transportation Engineering, Otaniemi (1992)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Iceland Magazine: Photos, Videos: 3D crosswalk in Ísafjörður helps slow down speeding motorist, 25 September 2017. http://icelandmag.is/article/photos-video-3d-crosswalk-isafjordur-helps-slow-down-speeding-motorists
  11. 11.
    Jurecki, R.S., Stanczyk, T.L.: Driver reaction time to lateral entering pedestrian in a simulated crash traffic situation. Transp. Res. Part F Traffic Psychol. Behav. 27, 22–36 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Li, Z., Zhang, J., Rong, J., Ma, J., Guo, Z.: Measurement and comparative analysis of driver’s perception-reaction time to green phase at the intersections with and without a coutdown times. Transp. Res. Part F 22, 50–62 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    ANSR: ANSR-Autoridade Nacional Segurança Rodoviária. Obtido de ANSR-Autoridade Nacional Segurança Rodoviária (2018). http://www.ansr.pt/SegurancaRodoviaria/Conselhos/Documents/TEMPO%20DE%20REAÇAO%20NA%20CONDUÇÃO.pdf

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ergonomics Lab, Faculty of Human KineticsUniversidade de LisboaCruz Quebrada - DafundoPortugal
  2. 2.CIAUD, Lisbon School of ArchitectureUniversidade de LisboaLisboaPortugal

Personalised recommendations