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Playgrounds for All: Practical Strategies and Guidelines for Designing Inclusive Play Areas for Children

Conference paper
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Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 776)

Abstract

To date, outdoor game equipment and playground facilities worldwide are increasingly oriented towards a wide range of solutions in support to gaming activities for children of any age, independently from their motor, cognitive and social impairments. However, due to the complexity of variables interplaying between product demands and user capabilities, many efforts are still needed for making games and playgrounds as much as possible inclusive. The present work proposes a novel methodology useful to designers and other stakeholders for predicting the degree of user exclusion when performing play activities. User trials, focus groups, interviews together with the analysis of accessibility standards, disability descriptors by ICF, and Task Analysis were used for cross-correlating the required tasks with user capabilities. This led to creating an evaluation tool useful to get an immediate feedback and reliable information on the level of inclusiveness of any type of game equipment and user disability. It revealed to be also effective for assessing personal and environmental factors of interest and identifying design requirements.

Keywords

Playground Inclusive play ICF Disability Inclusive design Social innovation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The present work was supported by the PIU project - Progetto di Innovazione Urbana Comune di Cecina - financed by the Tuscany region (D.R. n. 3197 del 10.07.2015). The interviews were conducted as part of the collateral activities of the LED laboratory of the University of Florence, in collaboration with the designer Sebastian Lecca. The “Tutti a Bordo” project was created by the designer Fabio Casa Dei which is kindly acknowledged. For the interviews, a special thanks is dedicated also to Claudia Protti and Raffaella Bedetti, the responsible of the Parchi per Tutti Blog.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Ergonomics and Design, Department of ArchitectureUniversity of FlorenceCalenzanoItaly

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