Advertisement

Study on Thermal Comfort of Virtual Reality Headsets

Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 795)

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the thermal properties and subjective comfort of Virtual Reality (VR) headsets. Three VR products were selected. Twenty-seven university students were invited to experience the VR for 45 min. Each participant wore all VR headsets in three different days. The microclimate temperature and relative humidity were measured by thermocouples. Subjective thermal discomfort was evaluated using a 10-point visual analog scale. The results shown that the average microclimate temperature of the three VR headsets was increasing, and humidity increased at the beginning and then decreased. The subjective thermal discomfort of the three VR headsets increased with duration of use. The differences of average microclimate temperature, humidity and subjective thermal discomfort were significant among three headsets (p < 0.05). SONY PlayStation had the best thermal appreciation, followed by OCULUS Rift and GOOGLE Daydream.

Keywords

Virtual Reality Head-mounted display Thermal comfort Microclimate 

References

  1. 1.
    Sharples, S., Cobb, S., Moody, A., Wilson, J.R.: Virtual reality induced symptoms and effects (VRISE): comparison of head mounted display (HMD), desktop and projection display systems. Displays 29(2), 58–69 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bogerd, C.P., Brühwiler, P.A.: The role of head tilt, hair and wind speed on forced convective heat loss through full-face motorcycle helmets: a thermal manikin study. Int. J. Ind. Ergonomics 38(3–4), 346–353 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Brühwiler, P.: Radiant heat transfer of bicycle helmets and visors. J. Sports Sci. 26(10), 1025–1031 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Buyan, M., Brühwiler, P.A., Azens, A., Gustavsson, G., Karmhag, R., Granqvist, C.G.: Facial warming and tinted helmet visors. Int. J. Ind. Ergonomics 36(1), 11–16 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ishigaki, T., Fujishiro, H., Tsujita, J., En, Y., Yamato, M., Nakano, S., Hori, S.: Relationship between helmet temperature and tympanic temperature during American football practice. Japan. J. Phys. Fitness Sports Med. 50(3), 333–338 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bogerd, C.P., Aerts, J.M., Annaheim, S., Bröde, P., De Bruyne, G., Flouris, A.D., Rossi, R.M.: A review on ergonomics of headgear: thermal effects. Int. J. Ind. Ergonomics 45, 1–12 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Costello, P.J.: Health and safety issues associated with virtual reality: a review of current literature, pp. 1–23. Advisory Group on Computer Graphics (1997)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Brühwiler, P.A.: Role of the visor in forced convective heat loss with bicycle helmets. Int. J. Ind. Ergonomics 39(1), 255–259 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pang, T.Y., Subic, A., Takla, M.: A comparative experimental study of the thermal properties of cricket helmets. Int. J. Ind. Ergonomics 43(2), 161–169 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wardiningsih, W., Troynikov, O., Nawaz, N., Watson, C.: Influence of wearing impact protective garment on thermophysiological comfort of the wearer. Proc. Eng. 72, 551–556 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Colonna, M., Moncalero, M., Nicotra, M., Pezzoli, A., Fabbri, E., Bortolan, L., Schena, F.: Thermal behaviour of ski-boot liners: effect of materials on thermal comfort in real and simulated skiing conditions. Procedia Engineering 72, 386–391 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Dotti, F., Ferri, A., Moncalero, M., Colonna, M.: Thermo-physiological comfort of soft-shell back protectors under controlled environmental conditions. Appl. Ergonomics 56, 144–152 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Smith, C.J., Havenith, G.: Body mapping of sweating patterns in male athletes in mild exercise-induced hyperthermia. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 111(7), 1391–1404 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Van Brecht, A., Nuyttens, D., Aerts, J.M., Quanten, S., De Bruyne, G., Berckmans, D.: Quantification of ventilation characteristics of a helmet. Appl. Ergonomics 39(3), 332–341 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Neave, N., Emmett, J., Moss, M., Ayton, R., Scholey, A., Wesnes, K.: The effects of protective helmet use on physiology and cognition in young cricketers. Appl. Cogn. Psychol. 18(9), 1181–1193 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Fanger, P.O., Hojbjerre, J., Thomsen, J.O.: Man’s preferred ambient temperature during the day. Archives des sciences physiologiques 27(4), 395–402 (1973)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Orsi, C., Stendardo, A., Marinoni, A., Gilchrist, M.D., Otte, D., Chliaoutakis, J., Morandi, A.: Motorcycle riders’ perception of helmet use: complaints and dissatisfaction. Accid. Anal. Prev. 44(1), 111–117 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Papadakaki, M., Tzamalouka, G., Orsi, C., Kritikos, A., Morandi, A., Gnardellis, C., Chliaoutakis, J.: Barriers and facilitators of helmet use in a Greek sample of motorcycle riders: which evidence? Transp. Res. Part F: Traffic Psychol. Behav. 18, 189–198 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of DesignHunan UniversityChangshaChina

Personalised recommendations