Parenting of Infants and Toddlers

  • Angela D. StaplesEmail author
  • John E. BatesEmail author


Parenting tasks change in relation to children’s developing abilities. This chapter considers parenting changes during the substantial period of children’s growth from birth to age three. The chapter reviews theories of parenting, and then considers developmental tasks and challenges of parenting in three broad domains: providing physical care and safety, structure and limits, and socialization. The chapter considers the parenting challenge of how to identify and respond to young children’s developmentally changing needs. It also considers the challenge of dealing with individual differences in children, particularly temperament characteristics. Almost all of the research on parenting focuses on basic care and socialization during the typical situations of daytime, such as eating, exploring, maintaining safety, and playing. However, this chapter also considers research that has begun to emerge on parenting in the context of dealing with children’s need for sleep. Finally, the chapter considers suggestions for future research and implications for policy and practice.


Parenting Infancy Toddlerhood Sleep 



The authors declare that they have no disclosure.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyEastern Michigan UniversityYpsilantiUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychological and Brain SciencesIndiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA

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