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Cardiac, Aortic, and Pulmonary Vascular Involvement in Alagille Syndrome

  • Justin T. Tretter
  • Doff B. McElhinneyEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Congenital heart disease is present in over 75% of patients with Alagille syndrome. In fact, stenosis and/or hypoplasia of the branch pulmonary arteries, the most common cardiovascular abnormality, is one of the five elements used in the clinical diagnosis of this syndrome. Other commonly occurring lesions include tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary valve stenosis or atresia, valvar or supravalvar aortic stenosis, and aortic coarctation. The peripheral vasculature is frequently affected as well. In this chapter, we discuss in detail the spectrum and incidence of congenital cardiovascular disease in patients with Alagille syndrome, as well as recommended diagnostic approaches and findings, surveillance, management, and outcomes.

Keywords

Alagille syndrome Aneurysm Aortic stenosis Coarctation Congenital heart disease Pulmonary artery hypoplasia Pulmonary artery stenosis Tetralogy of Fallot Vascular anomaly 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Heart Institute, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical CenterCincinnatiUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Cardiothoracic Surgery and Pediatrics (Cardiology)Stanford University Medical School, Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital, Betty Irene Moore Children’s Heart Center, Clinical and Translational Research ProgramPalo AltoUSA

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