Squatting Support Device for Labor

Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 779)


Women have a high mortality rate and pain in childbirth before modern medicine. Current natural childbirth might take 12–16 h on labor, the body weight on the spine and pelvic make pregnant women fatigue, it might cause to use medical drugs to relieve pain, or cesarean delivery way. If women use birth squatting allows the pelvis to expand exports about 25% reduction in the second stage of labor, there is less pain, reduce the use of analgesics, increase comfort, increased fetal blood oxygen and carbon dioxide to reduce the value of fetal blood, significantly reduce perineal laceration, and there is less use of episiotomy surgery and auxiliary equipment. Squatting is not easy to maintain even in minutes, therefore, this study used “squatting support device” to provide women with a ramp birth squatting 20–30°, so that the body forward, the body’s center of gravity and support points remained at the same paw on the vertical axis, so that women can effectively contraction of the abdominal muscles to help viviparous through the birth canal. As comparing the time from starting pushing to crowning, ergonomics ankle support squatting is 25.52 min (F = 6.02, p < .05) shorter than semi-recumbent group in average. The time from starting pushing to fetal childbirth is 25.21 min shortened (F = 6.14, p < .05). Score of ergonomics ankle support squatting group is 5.05 to 3.22 (rating from 0 to 10) lower than semi-recumbent group in average as showing in visual analogue scale (VAS). The overall score of ergonomics ankle support squatting group is lower than semi-recumbent group and squatting group (F = 18.12, p < .001) as measured with short form McGill pain questionnaire (MPQ-SF). Ergonomics ankle support squatting group expressed better labor pushing experiences than other groups.


Squatting Labor Universal design 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Taipei University of TechnologyTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.Oriental Institute of TechnologyNew TaipeiTaiwan
  3. 3.Da-Yeh University Dacun TownshipChanghua CountyTaiwan
  4. 4.Takming University of Science and TechnologyTaipeiTaiwan
  5. 5.MacKay Memorial HospitalTaipeiTaiwan

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