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Information Displays and Crew Configurations for UTM Operations

Conference paper
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Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 784)

Abstract

In this paper we discuss how team configuration may influence how information is shared among team members for low-altitude Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) operations. NASA collected and analyzed observation data gathered during a series of field tests for the UAS Traffic Management (UTM) project. The field tests were part of a larger effort aimed at advancing the UTM concept, conducted at six test-sites across the USA. Ground control station (GCS) concepts, flight-crew composition, and crew-size varied within and across test-sites. Flight crews took two strategic approaches to organizing their teams. The first of the two approaches was implemented by one third of the flight crews. These crews integrated the role of UTM operator into the duties of existing crew members, merging the current roles with this new one, keeping the UTM operator collocated with the flight crew. The remaining two thirds implemented a distributed team configuration, where a single UTM operator distributed support across multiple crews. Results from our data collection efforts revealed that UTM operator location influenced whether flight crews used verbal communication versus displays to acquire UTM information.

Keywords

UTM UAS Teams Situation awareness 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank our partners from academia and industry for their participation in the UTM project.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NASA Ames Research CenterMoffett FieldUSA
  2. 2.San Jose State University Research FoundationSan JoseUSA

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