Pedestrian Perception of Autonomous Vehicles with External Interacting Features

Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 781)


The increasing number of autonomous vehicles has raised questions regarding pedestrian interaction with autonomous vehicles. Researchers have studied external interfaces designed for vehicle operators and other road-users (e.g., pedestrians). Most past studies have considered the interaction between pedestrians and autonomous vehicles with no visible operator. However, pedestrian-autonomous vehicle interaction may be complicated when there is a human sitting in the conventional driver’s seat of an autonomous vehicle. Such a scenario may cause some pedestrians to look to the passenger for cues when they should be looking for cues from the vehicle. The objective of the current study was to investigate pedestrians’ perspective of autonomous vehicles based on the interaction effect between passenger status and external features on the vehicle. Sixteen pedestrians completed a VR experiment. The results provided important insight into the important question of pedestrian-autonomous vehicle interaction when passengers are present in the driver seat of the vehicle.


Autonomous vehicles Pedestrian-autonomous vehicle interaction Virtual reality Communication interface design 


  1. 1.
    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: Traffic Safety Facts 2015 Data, February 2017.
  2. 2.
    Matthew, D.: Tesla’s fatal Autopilot crash is a reminder that we are still a long way from truly autonomous vehicles (2017).
  3. 3.
    Samuel, G.: Self-driving bus involved in crash less than two hours after Las Vegas launch (2018).
  4. 4.
  5. 5.
    Fridman, L., Mehler, B., Xia, L., Yang, Y., Facusse, L.Y., Reimer, B.: To Walk or Not to Walk: Crowdsourced Assessment of External Vehicle-to-Pedestrian Displays. arXiv preprint arXiv:1707.02698 (2017)
  6. 6.
    Deb, S., Warner, B., Poudel, S., Bhandari, S.: Identification of external design preferences in autonomous vehicles. In: Proceedings of the 2016 Industrial and Systems Engineering Research Conference, Anaheim, California (2016)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Clamann, M., Aubert, M., Cummings, M.L.: Evaluation of Vehicle-to-Pedestrian Communication Displays for Autonomous Vehicles (No. 17–02119) (2017)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Deb, S., Carruth, D.W., Sween, R., Strawderman, L., Garrison, T.M.: Efficacy of virtual reality in pedestrian safety research. Appl. Ergon. 65, 449–460 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Deb, S.: Pedestrians’ receptivity toward fully autonomous vehicles. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University (2017)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Advanced Vehicular SystemsMississippi State UniversityStarkvilleUSA
  2. 2.Industrial and Systems EngineeringMississippi State UniversityStarkvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations