Towards an Open Authoring Tool for Accessible Slide Presentations
Creating and sourcing accessible Open Educational Resources is a challenge. Although slides are one of the primary forms of educational resources, there has been little focus on what is required to make slides containing different media accessible and how to encourage authors to improve accessibility. This paper examines the components within slide presentations that impact accessibility and will evaluates six different approaches for encouraging authors to add accessibility issues. Authors indicated a preference for being encouraged and guided to resolve issues rather than allowing for automatic corrections.
KeywordsOpen Educational Resources OpenCourseWare Slide presentations Accessibility Inclusive design Slide authoring SlideWiki
This research has been supported by the EU project SlideWiki (grant no. 688095).
- 1.How to Make Presentations Accessible to All. Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) (2012). https://www.w3.org/WAI/training/accessible
- 2.IMS Access For All. IMS Global Learning Consortium (2012). https://www.imsglobal.org/activity/accessibility
- 3.Authoring Tool Accessibility Guidelines (ATAG2.0). WWW Consortium (W3C) (2015). https://www.w3.org/TR/IMPLEMENTING-ATAG20/
- 4.Caldwell, B., Cooper, M., Reid, L.G., Vanderheiden, G.: Web content accessibility guidelines (WCAG2.1) (2008). https://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG20/
- 5.Dattolo, A., Luccio, F.L.: A review of websites and mobile applications for people with autism spectrum disorders: towards shared guidelines. In: Gaggi, O., Manzoni, P., Palazzi, C., Bujari, A., Marquez-Barja, J.M. (eds.) GOODTECHS 2016. LNICST, vol. 195, pp. 264–273. Springer, Cham (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-61949-1_28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 7.Accessibility requirements suitable for public procurement of ICT products and services in Europe. Standard 1.1.1 (2014–02), European Telecommunications Standards Institute, France (2014)Google Scholar
- 9.James, A., Draffan, E., Wald, M.: Designing web-apps for all: how do we include those with cognitive disabilities? Stud. Health Technol. Inform. 242, 665–668 (2017)Google Scholar
- 10.MacLeod, H., Bennett, C.L., Morris, M.R., Cutrell, E.: Understanding blind people’s experiences with computer-generated captions of social media images. In: Proceedings of the 2017 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 5988–5999. ACM (2017)Google Scholar
- 11.Teixeira, A., Correia, C.J., Afonso, F., Cabot, A.G., López, E.G., Tortosa, S.O., Piedra, N., Canuti, L., Guzmán, J., Sol, M.Á.C.: Inclusive open educational practices: how the use and reuse of OER can support virtual higher education for all. Eur. J. Open Dist. E-learn. 16(2), 56–65 (2013)Google Scholar