Towards an Open Authoring Tool for Accessible Slide Presentations

  • Mirette Elias
  • Abi JamesEmail author
  • Steffen Lohmann
  • Sören Auer
  • Mike Wald
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10896)


Creating and sourcing accessible Open Educational Resources is a challenge. Although slides are one of the primary forms of educational resources, there has been little focus on what is required to make slides containing different media accessible and how to encourage authors to improve accessibility. This paper examines the components within slide presentations that impact accessibility and will evaluates six different approaches for encouraging authors to add accessibility issues. Authors indicated a preference for being encouraged and guided to resolve issues rather than allowing for automatic corrections.


Open Educational Resources OpenCourseWare Slide presentations Accessibility Inclusive design Slide authoring SlideWiki 



This research has been supported by the EU project SlideWiki (grant no. 688095).


  1. 1.
    How to Make Presentations Accessible to All. Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) (2012).
  2. 2.
    IMS Access For All. IMS Global Learning Consortium (2012).
  3. 3.
    Authoring Tool Accessibility Guidelines (ATAG2.0). WWW Consortium (W3C) (2015).
  4. 4.
    Caldwell, B., Cooper, M., Reid, L.G., Vanderheiden, G.: Web content accessibility guidelines (WCAG2.1) (2008).
  5. 5.
    Dattolo, A., Luccio, F.L.: A review of websites and mobile applications for people with autism spectrum disorders: towards shared guidelines. In: Gaggi, O., Manzoni, P., Palazzi, C., Bujari, A., Marquez-Barja, J.M. (eds.) GOODTECHS 2016. LNICST, vol. 195, pp. 264–273. Springer, Cham (2017). Scholar
  6. 6.
    Elias, M., Lohmann, S., Auer, S.: Ontology-based representation of learner profiles for accessible opencourseware systems. In: Różewski, P., Lange, C. (eds.) KESW 2017. CCIS, vol. 786, pp. 279–294. Springer, Cham (2017). Scholar
  7. 7.
    Accessibility requirements suitable for public procurement of ICT products and services in Europe. Standard 1.1.1 (2014–02), European Telecommunications Standards Institute, France (2014)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hilton III, J., Wiley, D., Stein, J., Johnson, A.: The four ‘R’s of openness and ALMS analysis: frameworks for open educational resources. Open Learn. 25(1), 37–44 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    James, A., Draffan, E., Wald, M.: Designing web-apps for all: how do we include those with cognitive disabilities? Stud. Health Technol. Inform. 242, 665–668 (2017)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    MacLeod, H., Bennett, C.L., Morris, M.R., Cutrell, E.: Understanding blind people’s experiences with computer-generated captions of social media images. In: Proceedings of the 2017 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 5988–5999. ACM (2017)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Teixeira, A., Correia, C.J., Afonso, F., Cabot, A.G., López, E.G., Tortosa, S.O., Piedra, N., Canuti, L., Guzmán, J., Sol, M.Á.C.: Inclusive open educational practices: how the use and reuse of OER can support virtual higher education for all. Eur. J. Open Dist. E-learn. 16(2), 56–65 (2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mirette Elias
    • 1
  • Abi James
    • 2
    Email author
  • Steffen Lohmann
    • 3
  • Sören Auer
    • 4
  • Mike Wald
    • 2
  1. 1.University of BonnBonnGermany
  2. 2.University of SouthamptonSouthamptonUK
  3. 3.Fraunhofer IAISSankt AugustinGermany
  4. 4.Technische InformationsbibliothekHannoverGermany

Personalised recommendations